CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN SAN ANTONIO SCHOOLS


Introduction

Current population data has found that the Latino population has emerged in the United States as the fastest growing minority group. In addition, Latino populations are far more prominent in certain states, such as California and Texas. Whether it is due to the close proximity to the Mexican border or simply a result of ancestry, Texas has grown to hold the largest Latino population in the United States. Due to the intensive emergence of the Latino population in the United States, increased emphasis has been focused on the academic performance of Latino students in order to determine if their performance levels remain in line with that of students from other ethnic groups. Importantly, the concept of education within the United States has become increasingly important to many within the academic world despite the seemingly continued fiscal constraints faced by schools in recent years as a result of budget cuts.

Specifically, the emergence of technological advancements and the discovery of new concepts have caused education to become emphasized in order to ensure the United States has an adequate skilled labor force to facilitate GDP growth and competitiveness of America. Ultimately the increased emphasis on education in the United States has resulted additional examination and scrutiny into the various factors that can impact learning and retention among a widely diverse student population.

The factors that have been identified in within scholarly literature are primarily linked to demographic elements including race/ethnicity, socioeconomic background and special education requirements. Essentially, this research project will be focused on determining the impact of these factors on the diverse student population of Bexar County high schools in San Antonio, Texas. Importantly, the location of the schools to be examined in this project results in one additional factor that is relevant to this study as it could impact the way in which students learn and retain critical skills. Specifically, this factor involves limited English language proficiency, which is particularly relevant within Bexar County, as well as throughout the state of Texas. The relevance of this locality involves the fact that Bexar County is known to have an enormous Hispanic population, including Mexican immigrants, with many of which seeking to learn English as a second language.

This study will provide a deeper look into this complex issue by examining the way in which the factors race/ethnicity, socioeconomic background, special education, and limited English language proficiency can influence and impact student learning and retention among the diverse student population of the 44 high schools within Bexar County Texas. In the sections that follow, background information relevant to the study topic will be discussed. This will be followed by the establishment of a research question by which the remaining chapters of this study will be based. Essentially, the research question will effectively provide guidance and direction to the research effort so that all project goals and objectives remain aligned.

Posted by December 6th, 2016