Stages Of The Essay Writing Process


The writer needs ample preparation before the actual writing of the essay. In the initial stages, the writer should;

  • Choose the exact topic at this stage in cases where the topic is not given.
  • If the topic is given, they should decide how to go about it. This stage involves deciding what type of essay to write, whether argumentative, narrative or descriptive. They should also decide on the tone the essay should take, and which approach will have the best effect.
  • This stage involves considering the audience, their cultural, emotional and religious beliefs and what language to write the essay in a respectful manner.
  • The next step is to research the actual facts and body of the essay.

Actual writing

This is one of the more difficult stages in writing an essay. It involves breakdown of the general points into smaller simpler sentences that the reader can understand.

  • The writer should always maintain their signature writing style, making the essay unique to themselves.
  • In this stage, after the writer decides what tone, structure and type of essay they want to write, they should stick to the rules governing that type of essay. They should structure their essays properly, beginning with the introduction, stating the topic sentence or thesis, the body, and then finish with a strong introduction.
  • In the first stage, the writer decides what direction they want to take with the essay. They establish their point of view and it is in this stage that they attempt to win their readers over to their way of thinking.
  • The writing should be according to the original instructions of the essay, making sure to explain every point as extensively as possible without leaving any doubts.
  • The actual writing stage should also take into consideration the timeframe that the writer has to complete the work.


The final stage of writing the essay is the proofreading part. There are several proof reading tools but the writer should first read through the essay, having their weaknesses in mind. For instance, if English is not their first language, then they should look for language and grammatical errors. After this, they should use other tools like the spelling and grammar checker that comes with Microsoft word. For more advanced writing, the writer might want to involve their peers in critiquing their work or use professional editors.

Posted by December 6th, 2016