Harlem Renaissance was African-American’s cultural movement that began in 1920, it was blossoming of African American culture in terms of literature and art starting in the 1920 to 1930 reflecting the growth of Black Nationalism and racial identity. Some universal themes symbolized throughout the Harlem Renaissance were the unique experience of thralldom (slavery) and egressing African-American folk customs on black individuality. African American population of United States highly contributed in this movement; they played a great role to support it. In fact, major contribution was made by black-owned businesses and publication of their literary works. Nevertheless, it relied on the patronization of whites.
During the First World War, thousands of blacks left the agricultural areas of the South in search of work that it is known as the "Great Migration", which caused racial conflict over housing and employment. This movement played a major role in leading the growth of favoring immoderate uncompromising policies in the area of civil rights.
At the same time, an unprecedented interest to the white race issues provided a significant audience to Negro authors who settled in New York's neighborhood Harlem. New, untapped source of artistic material were attractive in the eyes of artists and intellectuals. Harlem had been built-up as a fashionable residential area, which attracted representatives of the Negro middle class and formed the basis of the local literary and artistic environment. Harlem Renaissance is the accelerated development of a culture, at the origins of it there were great poet and prose, novelists, authors of short stories, historians, sociologists and writers, i.e. P.L.Danbar, D.U.Dzhonson, U.E.B.Dyubua, Johnson and Dubois who made a great contribution to the Harlem Renaissance.
In general, without being extremists, members of Harlem Renaissance had a heightened sense of racial identity, they were proud of their heritage, and the majority of them in one form or another had criticized the racial oppression. They were called the "new blacks", it was kind of a tribute to their achievements and reflected their racial identity, but also pointed to the fact that they changed the popular image of the comic and pathetic black man with plantations (largely created white) on the image of a proud and independent black resident of the northern city.
In brief, the Harlem Renaissance was an evident racial pride that was symbolized in the melodic theme of the New Negro. New Negro challenged the penetrating racial discrimination to encourage liberal, socialistic political sympathies, and national and societal incorporation with help of art and literature.